An Exhaustive Introduction to Automated Market Makers (AMM)

Published : May 18, 2021

crypto exchange | automated market makers (AMM)

  • Automated Market Makers (AMMs) are entrants to the crypto exchange development space that appear to be in their infancy, with numerous restrictions. However, they are bringing important advancements to the market. Let's take a closer look at the "Automated Market Maker (AMM)" idea.

    What Is an Automated Market Maker, and How Does It Work?

    The Automated Market Maker is a method that automates digital asset trading without the need for authorization, and trades are executed automatically using liquidity pools to substitute buyers and sellers.

    It's a sort of decentralized exchange (DEX) technology in which the price of assets is determined by a mathematical formula. In conventional exchanges, where the price of assets is decided by pricing algorithms, this formula replaces order books.

    For each Protocol, the Formula may differ. Uniswap, for example, employs x*y = K in the DeFi Protocol, where x signifies the quantity of one token and y signifies the number of other tokens in the liquidity pool.

    This Automated Market Makers (AMM) is a component of the Decentralized Finance (DeFi) Ecosystem, and it helps to improve the DeFi space.

    Also, Read | Decentralized Crypto Exchange Platform Development

    Before the introduction of Automated Market Making

    The Cryptocurrency Exchange World was dominated by "Order Books" before the emergence of Automated Market Makers. The order book is a system that keeps track of all purchase and sells orders that are used to duplicate the price and quantity of crypto assets. The matching of buyer and seller orders takes up part of the traders' valuable time and has several serious drawbacks, such as slippage and lag in price discovery, among others.

    How Does Automated Market Maker Work?

    In every trading pair exchange, an Automated Market Maker functions similarly to order books. However, you don't require a counterparty on the opposite side to complete the transaction. Instead, smart contracts will interact with you, automating the trade and creating a market for you.

    The Automated Maker Model is chosen for trading cryptocurrency on several decentralized exchanges.

    Trading takes place directly between user wallets on the Binance DEX, with no requirement for a buyer or seller.

    For example, when you sell BNB for BUSD on Binance DEX, you may also purchase BNB using BUSD on the other side. On the Binance DEX, this means P2P or peer-to-peer transactions.

    AMM may be thought of as Peer to Contract in contracts (P2C). Because no counterparties are required, trading takes place between users and contracts.

    The AMM mechanism has no order books, and there are no order types with this technology. Even if there are no counterparties in AMM, someone should be able to construct a market, shouldn't there? Traders who are recognized as Liquidity Providers must still supply liquidity in smart contracts (LPs).

    Also, Read | P2P Crypto Exchange Development | A Compact Guide

    Pools of Liquidity

    Liquidity providers contribute assets to liquidity pools as money. Many DeFi protocols benefit from AMM since they have their liquidity pools that allow users to serve as liquidity providers and add funds.

    The Advantages Of Using An Automated Market Maker

    The world of bitcoin trading has been transformed by Automated Market Makers. The advantages of using an automated market-making process for bitcoin exchanges.

    • Using this automated approach, several new trading models are established.
    • As a result of this, the market creates a lot of liquidity.
    • Trade latency is measured in milliseconds rather than seconds.
    • Reduces the ability to do things like front running, wash trading, and price manipulation, among other things.
    • Between transaction executions, price slippage is measured in fractions of a cent.
    • Orders may be created and costs may be specified in a matter of seconds.
    • Everyone was pleased with this method since it reduced pricing swings and increased acceptable profit margins.

    Also, Read | Cryptocurrency Exchange Development | Assessing Liquidity Factors

    In the DeFi Space, the Increasing Importance of AMMs

    The Automated Market Makers, as previously said, are the greatest element of the decentralized finance (DeFi) world. The Automated Market Maker concept established DeFi protocols rely heavily on liquidity pools and liquidity providers. Bancor was the first AMM to launch on the Ethereum Blockchain (BNT). Liquidity is provided by the AMMs in one of two ways: Either by a centralized group of professional market makers or by a decentralized network of market makers. Or, an algorithm-driven procedure that is fully automated.

    The first option has eligibility limitations for liquidity providers, but the second option allows anybody to join the liquidity pools. As a result, multiple DeFi protocols operate as Automated Market Makers across the world. The first group includes Kyber Network, whereas the second category includes Balancer, Curve.

    Also, Read | Smart Contracts Development for DeFi | A Guide for Investors

    In the DeFi World, the Best Automated Market Makers

    The top DeFi Protocols, which operate as the greatest Automated Market Makers in the bitcoin world, are listed below.


    Uniswap is a decentralized open-source protocol that was introduced in November 2018 as the first Decentralized AMM. It delivers immediate, automatic liquidity without depending on any order book. This protocol makes use of liquidity providers who put ERC 20 tokens into pools to help traders. The mathematical equation that determines the ratios of the tokens kept in the pool is used by Uniswap to keep the market steady.


    Curve, an open-source DeFi Protocol that was introduced in January 2020, seeks to offer liquidity for stable cryptocurrencies by acting as a Decentralized Exchange (DEX).  Individuals and smart contracts can utilize this, and these curve protocols include a native governance token called CRV.

    Also, Read | A Quick Guide to Ethereum ERC Token Standards

    Possibilities and Opportunities with Automated Market Makers in the Future

    The notion of Automated Market Makers has been refined through time, and the latest drive toward decentralized governance via tokens has sparked a new level of interest in the field of decentralized finance. Many DeFi-based AMMs are already available, offering more liquidity and assisting customers in achieving high yields when adding assets to liquidity pools.

    Many AMMs in the DeFi space are kicking off the use of a middleman, order books, and more for executing any cryptocurrency trading. Thus, with AMM the decentralized finance ecosystem is making a better way to trade, swap, and exchange tokens instantly without any inconvenience.

    Also, Read | Yield Farming | Fuelling the Decentralized Finance (DeFI) Space


    We are a prominent DeFi development business that uses Automated Market Making mechanisms in our cryptocurrency exchange script development to build cryptocurrency exchanges with more liquidity, as well as DeFi open-source protocols to create DeFi based AMM exchanges with liquidity pools. Keep up with our cryptocurrency exchange development experts to learn everything there is to know about crypto and the DeFi World.

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