Public and Private Blockchain | an Analogy to Help You Choose the Best

Published : Feb 28, 2019

Public and Private Blockchain

  •  Various industry verticals are opting for distributed ledger technology (DLT) and its other types. DLTs help organizations achieve speed, reduce cost, and enhance security within the ecosystem.

    Organizations willing to adopt blockchain often find themselves in a precarious situation. Here, a thorough evaluation of business needs is necessary before stepping into the development process. Vetting blockchain applicability within the business helps determine whether to embrace the public or private blockchain development. Also, visit our blockchain app development services to explore blockchain's potential in your business.

    Public and Private Blockchain: An Overview

    Public Blockchain

    ‘Public’ blockchain is one of the preferred application development models, which allows unlimited participants to view and control economic actions.

    Along with increasing transparency in transactions and operations, it enables anyone to join the network. Touted as the original intent of blockchain technology, it aims to create a distributed system of nodes.

    Another aspect of public blockchains is smart contract solutions. A smart contract enables flawless and authentic transactions in a blockchain network and eliminates the need for any central authority.

    Private Blockchain

    ‘Private’ blockchain requires an invitation to join. Companies eager to conduct business with limited members can gain numerous benefits of embracing private blockchain development.

    Private blockchain development solutions provide faster transactions and other added advantages compared to other blockchains.

    Exploring the Aspects of Public and Private Blockchain Development

    Public Blockchain Development

    The public blockchain is preferable for firms that require more transparency and want to gain the trust of a larger audience.

    Cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin, Litecoin, and Ethereum use public blockchain.

    Public blockchain development services help build trust. They are open, and anyone can become a member of the ledger. Also, anyone in the system can view and verify transactions.

    Nodes in a public blockchain contain as much transmission and power as others. Not does it only make them decentralized but also thoroughly distributed.

    For verifying a transaction, every constituent node authorizes it through the consensus mechanism. Subsequently, we can add the transaction record to the chain.

    Public blockchain app development provides peers with incentives to promote participation in the network and authenticate transaction requests.

    Private Blockchain Development

    It suits best for organizations looking for a limited than multi-purpose, and want to achieve control over their business transactions.

    To access the private blockchain, it requires to get the invitation first from the network enabler.

    After the acceptance of the invitation, the new participant can contribute toward the maintenance of the blockchain in a restricted network.

    Although private blockchain contains various benefits of DLT, it does miss out on some distributed characteristics of the public blockchain model.

    The network enabler we talked about determines the limit to which participants can see and verify transactions.

    Businesses wanting to go for private blockchain development may find the intra-business method more efficient. It is beneficial for the companies that don’t want any outsider to join the chain.

    In this way, it restricts data access to only identified individuals on a requirement basis. With only a few participants in the chain, the ledger enables quicker transactions and efficient operations through simpler consensus mechanisms.

    For instance, a private blockchain application development would be more suitable for pharmaceutical companies. It’s because pharmaceutical business operations involve drugs and medicines passing through the supply chain from the manufacturer to the distributors.

    Public and Private Blockchain, What to Choose?

    As the security methods of public blockchain get strengthened, their value increases, and consequently, lessen the use of private blockchain.

    However, when it comes to limiting access to a few individuals or groups of organizations, a private blockchain is the right choice.

    As also mentioned earlier, thoroughly analyzing needs and goals contribute to a better business decision. Whether the company needs the openness that a public blockchain brings? Or want a more restricted business environment? Answers to these questions can help in assessing the right choice, public or private blockchain.

    The bottom line is, organizations preferring anonymity can opt for private blockchain. And, those don’t prefer anonymity and want more transparency and trust across transactions and operations may go for a public blockchain.

    Eventually, considering the utility aspect of the organization help make a better decision.

    Also Read: Hybrid Blockchain: Bringing the Best of Both Public and Private Blockchains

    Concluding Thoughts

    Choosing to develop private blockchain allows institutions to tailor it as per their data needs. On the other hand, businesses requiring stringent data policies can implement a public blockchain ledger. Businesses can take services of a blockchain application development company that offers both types of blockchain development.   

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